John Toth
Intermedia. Hypermedia and the Sublime





"The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious." ~ Albert Einstein

"The mind grows by self revelation. In play the child ascertains what he can do, discovers his possibilities of will and thought by exerting his power spontaneously. In work he follows a task prescribed for him by another, and doesn’t reveal his own proclivities and inclinations; but another’s. In play he reveals his own original power." ~ Friedrich Froebel

"The function of Art is to disturb. Science reassures." ~ George Braque

"Artists who seek perfection in everything are those who cannot attain it in anything." ~ Eugene Delacroix

"Art teaches nothing, except the significance of life." ~ Henry Miller


". . . I knew that a day I took away from the work did not make me too happy. I just feel that I’m in tune with the right vibrations in the universe when I’m in the process of working. I always felt right when I was right here. And even if I didn’t want to compose, so I painted or stacked the pieces or something. In my studio I’m as happy as a cow in her stall. That’s the only place where everything is all right." ~ Louise Nevelson

"As a suffering creature, I cannot do without something greater than I --
something that is my life -- the power to create." ~ Vincent Van Gogh


"Painting is silent poetry, and poetry is painting that speaks." ~ Simonides (500 B. C.

"Color is the keyboard, the eyes are the harmonies, the soul is the piano with many strings. The artist is the hand that plays, touching one key or another, to cause vibrations in the soul." ~Wassily Kandinsky

"I applied streaks and blobs of colours onto the canvas with a palette knife and I made them sing with all the intensity I could..." ~ Wassily Kandinsky

"Painting is silent poetry, and poetry is painting that speaks."
~ Simonides (500 B. C.)

"I shut my eyes in order to see." or "I close my eyes in order to see"
~ Paul Gaugin


"The job of the artist is always to deepen the mystery." ~ Francis Bacon

"What is real is not the external form, but the essence of things . . . it is impossible for anyone to express anything essentially real by imitating its exterior surface."
~ Brancusi

"They thought I was a Surrealist, but I wasn't. I never painted dreams. I painted my reality." ~ Frida Kahlo

"Painting is easy for those that do not know how, but very difficult for
those that do!" ~ Edgar Degas

"One day seven years ago I found myself saying to myself -- I can't live where I want to -- I can't go where I want to go--I can't do what I want to -- I can't even say what I want to --....I decided I was a very stupid fool not to at least paint as I wanted to."
~ Georgia O'Keeffe, 1923

"Art evokes the mystery without which the world would not exist." ~ Rene Magritte

"When I feel a little confused the only thing to do is to turn back to the study of nature before launching once again into the subjects closest to heart."
~ Raoul Dufy (1877-1953)

"It has bothered me all my life that I do not paint like everybody else." ~ Henri Matisse




"It is not the language of painters but the language of nature which one should listen to, the feeling for the things themselves, for reality, is more important than the feeling for pictures." ~ Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890)

"All art is but imitation of nature." ~ Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 B.C. - 65 A.D.)

"Painting from nature is not copying the object; it is realizing one's sensations."
~ Paul Cézanne

"Great art picks up where nature ends." ~ Marc Chagall

"What is one to think of those fools who tell one that the artist is always subordinate to nature? Art is a harmony parallel with nature."
~ Paul Cézanne

"Art is contemplation. It is the pleasure of the mind which searches into nature and which there divines the spirit of which Nature herself is animated."
~ Auguste Rodin

"I often think the night is more alive and more richly colored than the day." ~Vincent Van Gogh


Making Worlds

"...the object of art is not to reproduce reality, but to create a reality of the same intensity." ~ Alberto Giacometti

"Art doesn't transform. It just plain forms." ~ Roy Lichtenstein

"Art is not what you see, but what you make others see." ~ Georgia O'Keeffe

"To create one's own world in any of the arts takes courage." ~ Georgia O'Keeffe

"The essence of drawing is the line exploring space." ~ Andy Goldsworthy



"I want to touch people with my art. I want them to say 'he feels deeply, he feels tenderly.' " ~ Vincent Van Gogh

"I am an artist… I am here to live out loud." ~ Emile Zola

"A work of art which did not begin in emotion is not art." ~ Paul Cézanne

"I do not literally paint that table, but the emotion it produces upon me." ~ Henri Matisse

"I paint in order not to cry." ~ Paul Klee


"Art is not what you see, but what you make others see." ~ Edgar Degas

"Art does not reproduce the visible; rather, it makes visible." ~ Paul Klee (1879 - 1940), Creative Credo, 1920


"Art is literacy of the heart" ~ Elliot Eisner

"There are more valid facts and details in works of art than there are in history books."~ Charlie Chaplin

"Art is the Queen of all sciences communicating knowledge to all the generations of the world." ~ Leonardo da Vinci

"I believe it is impossible to make sense of life in this world except through art."
~ Daniel Pinkwater (author)


"If apple is the language of the future, then art must be the core." ~ Elliot W. Eisner

"The artist is the antenna of the race."
~ Ezra Pound (from the book, "Art & Physics" by Leonard Schlain)

"Imagination is the true magic carpet." ~ Norman Vincent Peale

"Art is a lie that helps us to realize the truth." ~ Pablo Picasso

"Art washes from the soul the dust of everyday life." ~ Pablo Picasso

"A line is a dot that went for a walk." ~ Paul Klee.

Shifting Gears

" Revolution in art is to paint a new vase of flowers!" ~ Oscar Araripe, Brazil

"If you don't like something, change it. If you can't change it, change your
attitude. Don't complain." ~ Maya Angelou

"Art is either plagiarism or revolution." ~ Paul Gaugin


"The source of genius is imagination alone, the refinement of the senses that sees what others do not see, or sees them differently."
~ Eugène Delacroix (1798-1863)

"What moves men of genius, or rather what inspires their work, is not new ideas, but their obsession with the idea that what has already been said is still not enough." ~ Eugene Delacroix


"Art must be an expression of love or it is nothing." ~ Marc Chagall

"There is one thing one has to have: either a soul that is cheerful by nature, or
a soul made cheerful by work, love, art, and knowledge." ~ Friedrich Nietzsche


"There is no must in art because art is free." ~ Wassily Kandinsky

"An artist is not paid for his labor but for his vision."
~ James McNeill Whistler


"The aim of art is to represent not the outward appearance of things, but their inward significance." ~ Aristotle

"I would like to recapture that freshness of vision which is characteristic of extreme youth when all the world is new to it." ~ Henri Matisse

"Every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once he grows up." ~ Pablo Picasso

"What I dream of is an art of equilibrium, purity and tranquility, devoid of upsetting or troubling subject matter ..." ~ Henri Matisse



by Friedrich Froebel

extracts and quotes

"The purpose of education is to encourage and guide [wo]man as a conscious, thinking and perceiving being in such a way that he becomes a pure and perfect representation of that divine inner law through his own personal choice; education must show him the ways and meanings of attaining that goal." - p2

"We grant space and time to young plants and animals because we know that, in accordance with; the laws that live in them, they will develop properly and grow well; young animals and plants are given rest, and arbitrary interference with their growth is avoided, because it is known that the opposite practice would disturb their pure unfolding and sound development; but the young human being is looked upon as a piece of wax, a lump of clay which man can mold into what he pleases." - p8

"Mankind is meant to enjoy a degree of knowledge and insight, of energy and efficiency of which at present we have no conception; for who has fathomed the destiny of heaven born mankind? But these things are to be developed in each individual, growing forth in each one in the vigor and might of youth, as newly created self productions." -p233


Building, aggregation, is first with the child, as it is first in the development of mankind, and in crystallization. The importance of the vertical, the horizontal, and the rectangular is the first experience which the child gathers from building; then follow equilibrium and symmetry. Thus the child ascends from the construction of the simplest wall with or without cement to the more complex and even to the invention of every architectural structure lying within the possibilities of the given material. -p281

The material for building in the beginning should consist of a number of wooden blocks whose base is always one inch square and whose length varies from one to twelve inches. If, then, we take twelve pieces of each length, two sets—e.g., the pieces one and eleven, the pieces two and ten inches long, etc.- will always make up a layer an inch thick and covering one foot of square surface; so that all the pieces, together with a few larger pieces, occupy a space of somewhat more than half a cubic foot. It is best to keep these in a box that has exactly these dimensions; such a box may be used in many ways in instruction, as will appear in the progress of a child's development. -p283

Menschenerziehung, 1826
Friedrich Froebel's classic "The Education of Man" edited by Jeffrey Stern and published in 1996


"A painting is never finished - it simply stops in interesting places."~ Paul Gardner

"No amount of skillful invention can replace the essential element of imagination." ~ Edward Hopper

"Just as our eyes need light in order to see, our minds need ideas in order to create." ~ Nicole Malebranche

One must from time to time attempt things that are beyond one's capacity.
~ Auguste Renoir

"I just feel that I'm in tune with the right vibrations in the universe when I'm in the process of working." ~ Louise Nevelson

"The artist need not know very much; best of all let him work instinctively and paint as naturally as he breathes or walks." ~ Emil Nolde

"Work cures everything." ~ Matisse.

"If people knew how hard I worked to get my mastery, it wouldn't seem so wonderful at all." ~ Michelangelo

"It took me four years to paint like Raphael, but a lifetime to paint like a
child." ~ Pablo Picasso

"You see what you know!" ~ Frank Stella

"Painting is just another way of keeping a diary." ~ Pablo Picasso

"I begin with an idea and then it becomes something else." ~ Pablo Picasso

"Every good painter paints what he is." ~ Jackson Pollock

"When my daughter was about seven years old, she asked me one day what I did at work. I told her I worked at the college- that my job was to teach people how to draw. She stared back at me, incredulous, and said, "You mean they forget?"
~ Howard Ikemoto

"Fantasy, abandoned by reason, produces impossible monsters; united with it, she is the mother of the arts and the origin of marvels."
~ Francisco Goya (1746-1828)

"The best reason to paint is that there is no reason to paint....I'd like to pretend that I've never seen anything, never read anything, never heard anything...and then make something....Every time I make something I think about the people who are going to see it and every time I see something, I think about the person who made it....Nothing is everything is important."
~ Keith Haring (June 15, 1986 NYC)

"Talent! What they call talent is nothing but the capacity for doing continuous work in the right way." ~ Winslow Homer



"Art is the signature of civilizations." ~ Beverly Sills

(on Pre-Columbian art) "The great epoch of the spiritual which is already beginning, or, in embryonic form, began yesterday... provides or will provide the soil in which a kind of monumental work of art must come to fruition.' ~ Wassily Kandinsky 1910-11


"Architecture . . . is for the young. If our teenagers don't get architecture -- if they are not inspired -- we won't have the architecture. . . that we must have if this country is going to be beautiful." ~ Frank Lloyd Wright

"You can't make an architect. But you can . . . open the doors and windows
toward the light as you see it." ~ Frank Lloyd Wright

"Architecture is the triumph of Human Imagination over materials, methods, and men, to put man into possession of his own Earth. It is at least the geometric pattern of things, of life, of the human and social world. It is at best that magic framework of reality that we sometimes touch upon when we use the word order." ~ Frank Lloyd Wright, 1930



"Those who do not want to imitate anything, produce nothing."
~ Salvador Dali (1904-1989)

"Poor is the pupil who does not surpass his master." ~ Leonardo da Vinci

"To become truly immortal, a work of art must escape all human limits: logic and commonsense will only interfere. But once these barriers are broken, it will enter the realms of childhood visions and dreams." ~ Giorgio DeChirico

"Only when he no longer knows what he is doing does the painter do good things." ~ Edgar Degas

another version -- "There is no such thing as talent. What they call talent is nothing but the capacity for doing continuous work in the right way." ~ Winslow Homer

"The more horrifying this world becomes, the more art becomes abstract."
~ Paul Klee

"A musician must make music, an artist must paint, a poet must write, if he is to be at peace with himself. What a man can be, he must be." ~ Abraham Maslo

"Beauty is the purgation of superfluities." ~ Michelangelo

"A man paints with his brains and not with his hands." ~ Michelangelo

"A great sculpture can roll down a hill without breaking" ~ Michelangelo

"Lord, grant that I may always desire more than I can accomplish." ~Michelangelo

"A beautiful thing never gives so much pain as does failing to hear and see it." ~Michelangelo

"The true work of art is but a shadow of the divine perfection." ~Michelangelo (1475-1564) - Italian artist

"I try to apply colors like words that shape poems, like notes that shape music."
~ Joan Miro

"The position of the artist is humble. He is essentially a channel." ~ Piet Mondrian

"Art is the child of imagination and gives life." ~ Mirka Mora, Painter

"I do not want ART for a few any more than education for a few, or freedom for a few." ~ William Morris

"If I didn't start painting, I would have raised chickens." ~ Grandma Moses

"Art enables us to find ourselves and lose ourselves at the same time."
~ Thomas Merton, 'No Man Is an Island'
"Art is everywhere, except it has to pass through a creative mind." ~ Louise Nevelson

"Fill a space in a beautiful way" ~ Georgia O'Keeffe

"Still - in a way - nobody sees a flower - really - it is so small - we haven't time - and to see takes time, like to have a friend takes time." ~ Georgia O'Keeffe

"I found I could say things with color and shapes that I couldn't say any other way-things I had no words for." ~ Georgia O'Keeffe

"There are painters who transform the sun into a yellow spot, but there are others who, thanks to their art and intelligence, transform a yellow spot into the sun."
~ Pablo Picasso

"It takes a very long time to become young." ~ Pablo Picasso

"The painting has a life of its own." ~ Jackson Pollock

Nothing is a waste of time if you use the experience wisely.
~ Auguste Rodin (1840-1917) - French artist

"Imagination will often carry us to worlds that never were. But without it, we go nowhere." ~ Carl Sagan, Cosmos

"Art should reveal the unknown, to those who lack the experience of seeing it."
~ Jaune Quick-to-See-Smith

"I want to thank anyone who spends part of their day creating, I don't
care if it's a book, a film, a painting, a dance, a piece of theater, a piece
of music--anybody who spends part of their day sharing their experience
with us--I think this world would be unlivable without art and I thank you."
~ Steve Soderbergh (winner of the 2001 Academy Award for Directing "Traffic."
He also directed "Erin Brockovich.")

"As music is the poetry of sound, so is painting the poetry of sight and the subject-matter has nothing to do with harmony of sound or of color."
~ James McNeil Whistler


A chronology of teaching

This is a short chronology of teaching and education.

468 (circ.) Birth of Socrates.
440 Birth of Xenophon.
429 (circ.) Birth of Plato.
384 Birth of Aristotle.
342 Aristotle, tutor to Alexander the Great.
300 (circ.) Zeno founded the School of Stoics.
46 (circ.) Birth of Plutarch.

121 Birth of Marcus Aurelius.
480 Birth of St. Benedict, the founder of Western monasticism.
641 Sack of Alexandria.
1135 Hospital of St. John the Evangelist established at Cambridge.
1218 First European university established in Salamanca, Spain.
1231 Charter constituting Cambridge a university granted.
1248 Charter constituting Oxford a university granted by Henry III.
1264 Birth of Dante.
1448 Glasgow University founded.
1441 Eton School founded.
1484 Birth of Ignatius Loyola.
1456 Birth of Erasmus of Rotterdam.
1473 Birth of Martin Luther.
1567 Publication of Ascham's “The Schoolmaster”.
1595 Birth of Descartes.
1624 Birth of John Locke, founder of the English School of Psychology.
1632 Publication of “The Discourse of Method” by Descartes.
1637 The Jansenists or Port-Royalists founded the "petites ecoles" in France.
1643 Publication of Milton's Tractate on Education.
1657 Royal Society incorporated.
1663 Charity Schools first founded in England.
1698 Birth of Jean Jacques Rousseau.
1712 Birth of Diderot.
1748 Publication of the first volume of the French Encylopaedia, under the direction of Diderot and D'Alembert.
1770 Birth of Johann Friedrich Herbart, the German educationalist.
1802 Publication of Herbart's “General Pedagogy”.
1832 First British Government Grant made in aid of elementary education.
1836 First Kindergarten School opened in Germany by Froebel.
1875 Elementary Education Act (United Kingdom).

  A short history of teaching




all images (c) copyright 1986 - 2008